Fairfield Elementary School is named for Captain Asa Fairfield, who is considered one of the founding fathers of Fort Wayne. Capt. Fairfield operated the first boat, the "Indiana," on the Wabash and Erie Canal. He came to Fort Wayne from Maine in 1834 as a wealthy man, having gained his fortune during his travels as a sea captain. Capt. Fairfield owned property in the area around Fairfield Avenue in what was then known as South Wayne, a separate community from Fort Wayne. The school was built in 1962 and initially served as a junior high. From 1992-1998, Fairfield operated as a year-round elementary school.
Fairfield is a Title I school and offers the English Language Learners program. The school participates in the Blessings in a Backpack program, which provides students with food to take home over the weekend. Students attending Fairfield feed into Shawnee or Kekionga middle schools and South Side high school. The school is located in the Board of School Trustees District 4.